The turban has been an important part of the Sikh culture since the time of the Sixth Guru. At Guru Ram Das Jyoti jyot, his elder son Pirthi Chand wore a special turban, which is usually worn by an elder son when his father passes away. At that time Guru Arjan Dev was honoured with the turban of Guruship:
“Marne di pag Pirthiye badhi. Guriyaee pag Arjan Ladhi” Guru Angad Dev honoured Guru Amar Das ji with a Siropa (turban) when he was made the Guru. Guru Gobind Singh, the last human Sikh Guru, wrote: “Kangha dono vaqt kar, paag chune kar bandhai”. (“Comb your hair twice a day and tie your turban carefully, turn by turn.”) Bhai Rattan Singh Bhangu, one of the earliest Sikh historians, wrote in Sri Gur Panth Parkash:
This is a very common Sikh turban style. It is very common in Punjab, India. The Nok is a double wide turban. 6 meters of turban cloth are cut in half, then into two 3 metre pieces. They are then sewn together to make it Double wide, thus creating a “Double Patti,” or a Nok turban. This turban is larger than most Sikh dastars, but contains fewer wraps around the head.
Chand Tora Dhamala : This style of turban is generally worn by Nihang Sikhs . This is a warrior style turban meant for going into battle. The “Chand Tora” is a metal symbol consisting of a crescent and a double edged sword, it is held in place at the front of the turban by woven chainmail cord tied in a pattern within the turban to protect the head from slashing weapons.
Amritsar Dhamala : This is the most common Dhamala turban. It consists of: * one 5 meter piece (Pavo Blue) * one 11 meter piece any color, commonly sabz (white) and pavo blue. Both pieces are 35 cm wide, and referred to in Amritsar as Dhamala Material. Patka/Keski Turban : This is a common sikh turban among young boys. It is normally used as more of a casual Pugree, or sometimes for sports. Commonly, this is a peela (shade of yellow) coloured turban. These are the basic Sikh Pugaree types. Turban theory states that the main pugaree types are starting points, and anyone can invent their own turban styles. But keep in mind the colour, and wrap type, and amount will differentiate the LOS between pugrees, so feel free to play with LOS levels, and increase or decrease your LOS simply by trying Kavi over Peta for example.